The era of quantum computing is about to begin, with profound implications for the global economy and the financial system.
The era of quantum computing is about to begin, with profound implications for the global economy and the financial system. Rapid development of quantum computing brings both benefits and risks. Quantum computers can revolutionize industries and fields that require significant computing power, including modeling financial markets, designing new effective medicines and vaccines, and empowering artificial intelligence, as well as creating a new and secure way of communication (quantum Internet). But they would also crac many of the current encryption algorithms and threaten financial stability by compromising the security of mobile banking, e-commerce, Fintech, digital currencies, and Internet information exchange. While the work on quantum-safe encryption is still in progress, financial institutions should take steps now to prepare for the cryptographic transition, by assessing future and retroactive risks from quantum computers, taking an inventory of their cryptographic algorithms (specially public keys), and building cryptographic agility to improve the overall cybersecurity resilience.
Published in IMF Working Papers.